Motion automations are some of my favorites. I’ve noticed a lot of questions across the internet about how to set them up, so I’ll do a few simple ones to help others get started.
Motion activated light.
Super simple. Grab an “events: state” node , and a “call service” node . Configure the events state node with your motion sensor. Here’s an example of mine:
If you put a value in the “If State” field, you will have two outputs. Top is “true”, bottom is “false”. In this node, the If State is “on”, so if motion is “on” (true), output from the top, when motion is “off”(false) output from the bottom. Think of it like “If state is true – top”, and “if state is false – bottom”. Doing it this way, the flow will start when motion is detected, or true, if connected to the top. If connected to the bottom, the flow will start once there is no motion. If you leave this field blank, there will only be a single output node that will trigger every time the state goes from on to off, and off to on.
The “Output only on state change” setting is important to how your flow will behave. Lets say that the motion sensor you are using is in the living room and you’re having a party. There’s a ton of people in your house and there’s constant movement. The motion sensor will trigger when it first senses motion, and it will stay triggered until it no longer senses motion. With “Output only on state change” checked, it will only send out a message from the output once, when it was initially triggered by motion. This is because the state has not changed from “on”. If you uncheck “Output only on state change“, it will send a new message every time the motion sensor is triggered. different motion sensors check for motion at different intervals. All of the motion sensors that I use (I highly recommend the Zooz ZSE40) trigger about every 15 seconds. So a new trigger message would be sent every 15 seconds with non stop motion.
If you’re brand new to this, I realize that’s a lot of info, but it will make sense soon enough.
On to the call service node. It will need to be configured like this:
“Domain” is the first part of an entity in Home Assistant. “climate.xxxx” would be the domain of a thermostat, “lock.xxxx” would be the domain for a smart lock, etc. In this case, we’re using the “light” domain.
“service” is the action you want to perform, in this case, “turn_on” which will turn on the light that we specify when triggered. After you’ve selected your domain, you can use the drop down menu to see what services are available. Below you’ll see that the options are “toggle”, “turn_off” and “turn_on”.
“Entity Id” is where you specify what device to control. if you type in “light”, it will auto complete every entity that is in the light domain, and you can just select the entity you want.
With both of these done, the most basic configurations are done. You now need to just connect the nodes. Now what we have is a complete working flow. When the Entryway Motion node state is “on”, it will turn on the Entryway Lights, and that’s it.
Easy flow, but essentially useless in the automation sense of things. Lets have the light turn off after a set period of time.
Motion activated light with timer.
We want the light to turn off at some point, so we’re going to work off the flow that we just created and make that happen. First grab a “stoptimer” node, and wire it after the other two nodes.
The way the stoptimer node works; Once it receives a message, in this example from the Entryway Lights node, which was passed on from the Entryway Motion node, it starts a 5 second timer. Once the 5 seconds are over, it sends the message. If the stoptimer node receives another message within the five second timer, it restarts the timer.
Grab another call service node and attach it to the top output of the stoptimer node. Configure it exactly as you did the first call service node, except use the “turn_off” service. So this is what you’ll have:
So now, motion in the entryway, turns on the entryway lights, waits 5 seconds and turns off the entryway lights. Are you still with me? Don’t worry about it if you’re not, it’ll all work out in the end.
So at this point we have a complete but inefficient flow. We can fix this solely with configuring the nodes in a different way.
How do we make this a usable flow?
It’s easy. As we’ve said a few times already, our example motion sensor refreshes every 15 seconds and sends a new message depending on the state of the node. If there is constant motion, it will send a message of “on” every fifteen seconds. No motion will send “off” every fifteen seconds. If there was was motion and it sent “on, and then no motion, the next message will be “off”, etc etc, you probably get the point by now. Also remember, that the stoptimer resets if it receives another message before the timer is over. So if it’s a 5 second timer, and it receives another message at 4 seconds, it starts back over at 5 seconds.
So, knowing this, we can set the stoptimer to anytime longer than the refresh time of it’s input. The example motion sensor sends an update every 15 seconds, so we can set the stoptimer to 16 seconds. The motion sensor sends a message the first time it detects motion, which turns on the lights and then starts the stoptimer. If there is no more motion, the light will turn off in 16 seconds. If there is still motion, within the 16 seconds, it restarts the timer. The timer will be restarted as long as there is motion, which will leave the light on while the room is occupied.
Or will it? Remember that check box, “Output only on state change” ? With this checked, even though the motion sensor sends an update every 15 seconds, the Entryway Motion node would not send an update because the state stays “on” with constant motion. State doesn’t change, it doesn’t send a new message. With it checked, it would only send a new update to the top output when the motion went from on, to off and then back to on.
So, we uncheck it. This will allow the Entryway Motion node to send a new update every time it receives one from the motion sensor, even if the state never changes. Even if the state stays to on for an hour because there’s constant motion, it still sends an update every 15 seconds from the motion sensor, and since the timer is set to 16 seconds, the light always stays on with motion.
If your motion sensor sends a new update every 8 seconds, you’d want to set the stoptimer to 9 seconds to keep the light on with motion. Twenty second motion sensor, 21 seconds stop timer, etc etc.